Tread Carefully: All-Season vs. All-Weather vs. Winter Tires

November 29, 2019

We live in the Great White North, dreaming of a life in permanent sunshine where we drive our convertible down a beachfront avenue with a surfboard strapped to roof-rack. But that’s not our reality. The truth is for the long winter months, we are driving on snow-plowed streets and highways, scraping our windshield in the morning, and refilling our engine’s anti-freeze tank when it runs low.

Driving in Canada means understanding and dealing with the elements, then learning to safely navigate through them when behind the wheel. Being safe on a wintery road raises an important question: what type of tires do you need when temperatures drop and snowflakes start to fall? What’s the difference between winter (or snow) tires and all-season? What about all-weather – how is that different from all-season? 

Let’s answer some of these questions because tires can be a big investment and you want to be sure you’re outfitting your car with the right kind of rubber. 

Here’s a quick breakdown to get us started and help you steer through those tough tire questions:

 

All-season tires

All-weather tires

Winter tires 

Weather conditions 

Warm, dry, and wet conditions 

Milder winter conditions, including heavy rain and snowfall 

Harsh winter conditions with plenty of snow 

Optimal temperature usage

Above 7 degrees Celsius

Above and Below 7 degrees Celsius

Below 7 degrees Celsius


Tread pattern 

Designed to provide grip during warmer temperatures. Finer tread not fit for snow and slush.

Mixture of blocky tread that pushes away slush and provides stability, along with sensitive handling for warmer conditions. 

Blocky tread and siping (fine slits in tread) that grip snow and push away slush. Can include studs for more aggressive grip.

Type of rubber

Harder compound to last longer

Flexible in temperatures above and below 7 degrees Celsius

Stays soft in colder temperatures for better grip 

comparing the tread design of all-season, all-weather, and winter tires

What are all-season tires?

It’s confusing when you hear the terms all-season and all-weather compared against each other. If you’re talking about all-seasons, then it seems logical you would be talking about all types of weather, right? Not exactly. 

All-season tires offer optimal performance during spring, summer, and fall. In fact, some companies have begun renaming all-season tires “3 season tires”. Unfortunately, this is not an ideal tire for sub-zero, snowy winter conditions. These tires tend to lose grip at temperatures below 7 degrees Celsius.

The treads on all-seasons are often smooth and straight, repelling water when you’re driving in the rain and gripping the road better during warm to hot conditions.

What are all-weather tires? 

If the all-season is your tire for those rainy and sunny days, and the winter tire is when you’re driving through harsh conditions like deep snow and ice, then consider all-weather as the tire somewhere in between. All-weather is a hybrid tire that can cover you in mild conditions, as well as some non-extreme winter conditions. 

In a lot of ways, it’s the best of both worlds. You’re getting strong performance in summer, spring and fall months, similar to the all-season, but you’re also getting good performance in the winter season. Plus, winter tires require change over and storage, while all-weather are used all year, so you’re unburdened from that winter tires cost.

All-weather tires have another advantage – they are recognized by Transport Canada as safe to use in most snowy conditions. On the physical tire, you will see a symbol of a three-peak mountain snowflake for tires that qualify for this designation. 

Transport Canada all-weather tire 3-peaked mountain/snowflake logo

If there’s a downside to all-weather, it’s that they generally don’t last as long as all-season and winter. This is why you will see shorter tread warranties for all-weather compared to others. It makes sense, considering you are driving on these tires all year long versus swapping out two different sets of tires (all-seasons and winter).

What are winter tires?

Most Canadians have experienced white-knuckle drives through a winter wonderland. That’s when a fresh dump of snow coats the roads before any plow truck leaves its shed. It’s terrifying – slipping around and spinning out. This is where winter/snow tires give you real peace-of-mind.

Winter tires feature big blocky treads, which move water and slush more efficiently, and softer rubber that maintains flexibility in cold temperatures. In hot temperatures that softness becomes a liability, which is why you need to swap out winter tires for all-season or all-weather once spring is sprung. 

The biggest drawback for winter tires is the additional costs of storage and the responsibility of putting them on and taking them off at the appropriate time of the year. Not everyone has extra storage space to keep four bulky tires, which is why all-weathers tend to be a more popular choice. But if you live in a region where the snow is deep, the temperatures are low and the plow trucks are few, then winter tires are going to be your best friend.

It’s also worth noting that, in some places in Canada, winter tires are required by law: 

  • In Quebec, winter tires are mandatory for all passengers from Dec 15 to March 15. 
  • Over in BC, winter tires are a must by law on specific highways.  

Put tires on your next car with Canada Drives

There’s more to the equation for winter driving than finding the right kind of tires for the right season. There are features like all-wheel drive vs. 4-wheel drive, engine power, and safety services that you can subscribe to in case something goes wrong on the road. 

Visit Canada Drives to find a car that will give you the freedom and peace-of-mind to drive safely on these snow-covered Canadian roads. We’ll help you find fast and affordable auto financing so you can get back on the road.

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