Are you trying to navigate through the confusing process of buying a car? If you are, you’re not alone! Everyone is daunted by the process at first. The good news is, we provide all the answers to help your car-buying journey go much smoother.
You may be wondering about the particulars of how a car loan in Canada works. It helps to understand the mechanics (pun intended!) of auto loans before you apply because you can increase your odds of approval.
Here are some quick answers to some of your most common car loan questions.
The process of getting a car loan is quite simple, the hard part is getting approved! When you go through a dealership or online retailer, you can fill out an application to organize financing in the same place that you buy the car. If you go through a private seller, you usually have to do more of the legwork and apply to your bank yourself.
There are three simple steps:
Besides banks and dealerships, there is a third option that is starting to emerge in online retailers. That means there are three ways to apply for an auto loan in Canada:
The interest rate the lender charges depends on the lender’s set prime rate, the borrower’s credit score and the vehicle attached to the loan. Every payment you make is composed of part interest and part principal. Your payment stays the same, but the interest and principal payment breakdown differ every month. Usually, interest is larger at the beginning of the loan and gets smaller and smaller as the loan’s term goes onward.
You can calculate auto loan payments using Canada Drives Car Loan Calculator. To use the calculator, you’ll need to know your credit score, the car loan amount and the duration of the loan.
Pre-approved car loans are exactly what they sound like. Before you actually shop for a car, you can fill out a quick pre-approval application to see how much money you can get. Getting pre-approved can help you budget when shopping for cars and is a powerful time-saver.
Every lender varies slightly in their loan requirements. Below are some basic loan requirements you can expect from virtually every lender:
Car loans have set repayment schedules and your payments will be due on a specific date. Payments are usually due every month, but every lender varies. To preserve your credit score, you should always make payments on time and in full. After all, your payment history has the biggest impact on your credit score.
Most lenders prefer to set up pre-authorized payments that come directly out of your bank account when the payment is due. If you wish, you can make a higher payment than what’s due. Higher payments will reduce the term of your car loan and serve as premature interest payments.
As a general benchmark, a credit score of at least 650 is required to get approved for an auto loan with ease, but it depends entirely on the lender’s preferences. There’s no set minimum credit score requirement for car loans that are widely known and accepted. Some lenders consider your credit report and credit score during the approval process but also look at other factors such as income.
It’s possible to get a car loan with bad credit. If you don't want to wait until your credit score improves, here are a few things you can do to increase your odds of approval with bad credit.
Getting approved for a loan with no credit is similar to having bad credit; it’s a challenge!
It’s difficult because the lender isn’t able to measure your creditworthiness. Fortunately, if you have a source of income, it’s possible to get a student car loan with no credit. You just need to prepare accordingly. Below are some tips to help you get approved.
If you manage a car loan responsibly by making payments on time and in full, a car loan can positively impact your credit score. On the other hand, if you frequently miss payments or make partial payments, your credit score will be impacted negatively.
Payment history has the biggest impact on your credit score, and the diversity of your credit products is also taken into account. What does that mean? Having a car loan, among other types of credit, will positively influence your credit score as long as you don’t miss a payment.
As mentioned, a car loan will only hurt your credit score if you manage it irresponsibly. The only other way a car loan could negatively impact your credit score is through credit checks. Every time a lender pulls your credit report, your credit score takes a slight hit. For this reason, you should be very selective about what credit you apply for.
However, the credit bureaus do allow a 30-day grace period for rate shopping. This means, when you’re applying for, say, a car loan, you can apply to multiple lenders within a 30-day period to see who offers the best interest rates. All of your applications will only count for one credit pull. Great news for bargain hunters!
As you’re probably aware, cars are expensive, but if you make the right moves, it can be affordable even for budget-minded people. When trying to decide if you can afford a car loan, on top of the monthly payment, you should consider:
When doing research for auto loans, you may come across deals that are so good it’s hard to know whether they’re real or not.
With regards to guaranteed approval, if it seems too good to be true, it probably is! For example, any car loan offer that advertises “no credit check with guaranteed approval” should be avoided like the plague. Lenders flogging this promotion will probably charge exorbitant interest rates or extort customers some other way.
The other three car loan promotions are legitimate, but 0% financing is normally reserved for good credit customers and often comes with some hidden catches. This incentive is not available with used cars.
However, zero down payment options are available. With no money down, your monthly payments may be higher, but it’s a great way to obtain a new car when you don’t have savings.
Finally, cash back car loans are a handy way of getting a lend of cash in hand on top of your auto loan without having to apply for another loan separately.
Don’t want your car anymore? It’s possible to terminate a car loan prematurely.
You can get out of a car loan by selling your car and using the proceeds to pay off the loan’s balance. Keep in mind that if your car isn’t worth enough to cover the cost of the outstanding loan balance, you have negative equity and will have to pay the difference out of pocket to end the loan. This is what’s called being upside down on your car loan. Below is a step-by-step guide to getting out of a car loan.
Some car loans have prepayment penalties when you pay off the loan early. Lenders typically charge this penalty because they want to recover some of the interest they lose as a result of the ended loan. Read the conditions of your loan to determine if a prepayment penalty will apply to you and how much it is before paying off the loan.
When you pay off your car loan early, you close one of the accounts on your credit report. This can cause a dip in your credit score because you’ve lost a product in your credit mix and consistent monthly payments have stopped. If you make payments on time and in full, and your auto loan is one of the only accounts on your credit report, you might want to consider keeping it open. And we doubly recommend keeping the account open if it is one of the oldest accounts on your credit report.
On the other hand, you lower your debt-to-income ratio, and that can only be good for your credit score in the long run.
You can transfer the car loan to another party, such as a family member or friend. If you find someone to take over your loan, you can work with the lender to draw up a new car loan contract. Remember that the person obtaining the car loan will have to meet all of the lender’s requirements.
Keep in mind that not all lenders will be okay with transferring a car loan, particularly banks and credit unions. Traditional lending institutions tend to have stricter policies related to transferring car loans. Also, transferring a car with negative equity can be challenging or not possible. It's worth asking your lender before going through the trouble of finding someone to take over your loan.
Technically speaking, yes you can sell a car with a loan attached to it. However, if you default on the loan, the lender has the right to repossess the car to cover the outstanding loan balance. If there is no car to repossess, then there will be severe consequences. If you use the car sale proceeds to repay the loan, you won’t have anything to worry about.
Yes, you can refinance any car loan after some time has passed. Refinancing is also a great alternative if you can’t get out of your car loan entirely. You can refinance a car loan after a year. As a general rule, waiting at least 90 days is the bare minimum of time that has to pass before refinancing.
Most lenders don’t want to refinance cars with negative equity because it’s too high risk. Work on moving your equity into the positives before refinancing.
The longer the car loan’s term, the lower your car loan payments will be. If money has become tight recently, you may want to increase your car loan’s term. When refinancing, you can extend the loan’s term to reduce the loan payment amount.
However, if you extend your car loan, you’ll be paying interest for longer and you’ll likely owe more for the car than it’s worth during the final months of the term.
Whether you are shopping for a new car or trying sell your current car, Canada Drives can help!
With Canada Drives you can get pre-approved for a car loan by completing our simple online application. We'll match you with one of our local dealer partners and they will show you a selection of vehicles you qualify for - all you need to do it pick the one you want and drive away.
If you are selling your car you can get an instant online offer. If you are happy with the offer you can simply drop off your car at a Canada Drives location near you and get paid.
You can even sell your car to Canada Drives if you still owe money on it. We'll handle the process of paying off the balance owed to your lender and you'll get the difference.